In 1495, Theodore partook in a siege of Novara and also partook in later battles in Savona and Cephalonia. Palaiologové (řecky Παλαιολόγοι, singulár Παλαιολόγος – Palaiologos) nebo Palaiologovci byli řecká šlechtická rodina, jejíž příslušníci nastolili poslední dynastii na byzantském trůně.  Ultimately, the delegation's search was in vain and they found no living embodiments of their lost empire.  The Romanov dynasty, which succeeded Ivan the Terrible's Rurik dynasty and ruled Russia from 1613 to 1917, were not descended from Sophia, originating as in-laws, rather than descendants, of the Rurikids. Michael VIII was the founder of the Palaiologan dynasty that would rule the Byzantine Empire until the Fall of Constantinople in 1453. , Because Venice was the only major non-Muslim power in the Eastern Mediterranean, it represented an appealing destination for Byzantine refugees as the empire fell. The role of the Palaiologoi as the final Christian dynasty to rule over Greek lands also accorded them a more positive remembrance among Greeks during the period of Ottoman rule. , The final Palaeologus Marquis, John George, Marquis of Montferrat, died in 1533 and rule of Montferrat was then given to Federico II Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua, by Holy Roman Emperor Charles V. The last female member, Margaret Paleologa, married to Federico II, died in 1566, rendering the Montferrat cadet branch extinct. bestieg, sah der, sche Kaiser größeres Unheil drohen als von alien, gängern, und seine Befürchtungen sollten sich bea ten: Papst Μιχαὴλ Η' Δούκας Κομνηνός Παλαιολόγος, * 1224/1225 in Chläiasie; † 11. Dezember 1282 in Thrakien) war von 1259 bis zu seinem Tod 1282 byzantinischer Kaiser.  From the 1480s onwards, Andreas also claimed the title Imperator Constantinopolitanus ('Emperor of Constantinople').  The Tocco family, male-line descendants of Leonardo III and Milica Branković styled themselves as princes on the ground that they represented not only the senior descendants of the Byzantine imperial dynasty, but of the Serbian royal dynasty as well. Other crusader states had been formed in Greece as a result of the Fourth Crusade, notably the Kingdom of Thessalonica, which had been ruled by the Aleramici family of Montferrat. Over a century had passed since Constantinople, a city Demetri had never seen, had fallen and yet he retained lingering dreams of the city. Allatius was the keeper of the Vatican Library and would have had access to its vast collection of books and records and might have deduced his findings from there. Seine Ln wussten Michaels Leistung In the 18th century, several Phanariots (members of prominent Greek families in the Fener quarter of Constantinople) were granted governing positions in the principalities of Wallachia and Moldavia (predecessors of Romania) by the Ottomans. Managed by: Private User Last Updated: July 8, 2017 , Ferdinand died in 1670 and was survived only by his son, Theodore. John II also pointed out that since Andronikos II had disinherited Andronikos III, John II was thus the rightful emperor as the only true heir to Andronikos II. Étude généalogique et prosopographique", "SERRA DI CASSANO, Giuseppe in "Dizionario Biografico, Spain (Iberian Peninsula and Balearic Islands), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Palaiologos&oldid=997274929, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 19:51.  The name "Montferrato-Paleologo" is recorded on the Greek island of Cephalonia until the 17th century, though it is uncertain how they were connected to the Italian family. The promised crusade, the fruit of John VIII's labor, ended only in disaster as it was defeated by the Turks at the Battle of Varna in 1444. Warum werden Reiche immer reicher Author D.Selzer-... König Ludwig II. One of the earliest references to Palaiologoi in Venice is a 1479 Senate decision concerning Theodore Palaiologos, who had recently proven himself in a campaign in Friuli. drei . Michael VIII Palaiologos (r. 1259-1281 CE) Miniature from the manuscript of Pachymeres' Historia, 14th century CE. Bahn, das als sche Vesper in die Geschichtsbücher eingehen sollte. , The Palaiologoi ruled Byzantium at its weakest point in history, and the empire underwent significant economical and political decline.  The only Marquis to seriously consider using his Byzantine connection was Theodore's son, John II of Montferrat, who wished to take advantage of the Byzantine civil war of 1341–1347, between Andronikos II's great-grandson John V and John VI Kantakouzenos, in order to invade the empire and conquer Thessaloniki. In 1478, Theodore travelled to Venice with his father, Paul, and became a stratiote. ren, damit er nicht geschändet würde. The Byzantine civil wars, and the collapse of Stefan Dušan's Serbian Empire following his death in 1355, had allowed the Ottoman Turks to expand almost unopposed through the Balkans and in the second half of the 14th century, the empire passed almost without a fight under Ottoman sovereignty, forced to pay tribute and offer military aid if needed. Gefährlich wurde es, von Anjou _ dich jede Rechtfertigung für eine Eroberung Konstantino-_enommen. chenunion mit dem Westen, die ihm Schmach He began his career as a successful general for John III Vatatzes and Theodore II Laskaris of the Empire of… Angesichts der schwierigen Umstände und pc. Palaiologos Angelos Dukas Komnenos, byzantinischer Kaiser 1258 (1261)-1282, * Nikaia oder Nymphaion 1224/1225, † bei Pachomiu 11.12.1282, aus einer alten Adelsfamilie, Sohn des Statthalters von Thessaloniki Andronikos Palaiologos und der Theodora Palaiologina. In his will from 1372, John II claimed that Andronikos II's deposition in 1328 by his grandson Andronikos III (John V's father) had been unlawful and thus disqualified Andronikos III and all his heirs from the legitimate line of succession to the throne of Byzantium.  Theodore II died in that same year and was succeeded by his eight-year-old son John IV Laskaris. Michael's successors ruled the Byzantine Empire at its weakest point in history, and much of the Palaiologan period was a time of political and economical decline, partly due to external enemies such as the Bulgarians, Serbs and Ottoman Turks, and partly due to frequent civil wars between members of the Palaiologos family. Helena had already been married to Lazar Branković, the Despot of Serbia, but the three younger children, and Thomas's wife Catherine Zaccaria, and a retinue of other refugees, accompanied him as he escaped to the Venetian-held island of Corfu.  The ancestry of the Paleologu can be traced to Greeks with the name Palaiologos, but not to the imperial family. Mikhael VIII Palaiologos: Birthdate: circa 1223: Death: circa December 11, 1282 (50-67) Constantinople, Istanbul, İstanbul, Turkey Immediate Family: Son of Andronikos Doukas Komnenos Palaiologos and Théodora Komnenos Palaiologos Husband of Théodora Palaiologos.  Numerous people with the last name Paleologus are recorded in Venice in the 15th and 16th centuries, many serving as stratioti (mercenary light-armed cavalrymen of Greek or Albanian origin). Παλαιολόγοι, female version Palaiologina; Greek: Παλαιολογίνα), also found in English-language literature as Palaeologus or Palaeologue, was a Byzantine Greek family that rose to nobility and produced the last and longest-ruling dynasty of the Byzantine Empire.  The etymology of their family name was believed to be "ragman" by Soviet-American Byzantinist Alexander Kazhdan, possibly referencing humble origins, whereas the French Byzantinist Jean-François Vannier believes the correct etymology to be "antique collector". , Many Byzantine nobles found themselves in Constantinople in 1453, fighting against the Ottomans in their final attack. , 'Palaiologos' as a last name continues to survive to this day in various variants. Dennoch verfehlten Michaels  In addition to the non-imperial Palaiologoi that were descendants of older collateral lines, Byzantine genealogy is also made complicated by the fact that it was common in Byzantium to adopt the family name of your spouse or mother, if that was more prestigious. The origins of the family are unclear. wurde es ihm freilich nicht. Andreas Palaeologus in Rome, 1465-1502", "El fin de Constantinopla y las supuestas herencias nobiliarias bizantinas", "Su alcune discendenze moderne dei Paleologi di Bisanzio", "The Palaiologos Family After 1453: The Destiny of an Imperial Family", Dumbarton Oaks Center for Byzantine Studies, Prosopographisches Lexikon der Palaiologenzeit, "Les premiers Paléologues. Emperor Michael VIII Palaiologos.jpg 116 × 172; 6 KB.  The brothers were divided in their policies.  Mehmed was victorious and annexed the region directly into the Ottoman Empire, ending Palaiologan rule in Greece. In his youth, Michael had served as the governor of the towns of Melnik and Serresin Thrace, and though he and his family were distinguished a… Michael Palaiologos, born in 1223, was the son of Andronikos Palaiologos, megas domestikos in the Empire of Nicaea. Following this, Manuel II was firmly established as John V's successor, becoming senior emperor upon John's death in 1391.  The family name Palaiologos had been relatively widespread in the Byzantine Empire, and the family had been quite extensive before a branch of it acceded to the imperial throne. The Phanariots sent to Wallachia and Moldavia included people with the last name Palaiologos, ancestors of the Paleologu family. None of their own contemporaries appear to have doubted their imperial descent.  Once news of the act, the blinding of not only the legitimate emperor, but an underage boy, got out, the Patriarch of Constantinople, Arsenios Autoreianos, excommunicated Michael. wieder dem lateinischen Christentum zu len -, stand außer Frage, dass Michaels Emperor (q.v.) , Though Michael's successor Andronikos II quickly repudiated the Union of the Churches, many of the Palaiologan emperors worked to ensure its restoration. Lage bewusst und versuchte, die Gefahr für Konstantinopel Bündnisse zu BERTELSMANN Lexikon Geschichte: Seite 525 MICHAEL VIII. The Montferrat cadet branch (descendants of Theodore, son of Emperor Andronikos II) is not shown. While the genealogies of many supposedly surviving branches of the imperial dynasty can easily be dismissed as fantasy, others, such as the genealogy of a lineage from Pesaro which survived until at least the late 17th century, are more plausible. During Manuel II's reign, John VIII and the younger son Constantine appear to have got on well with each other, but the relations between Constantine and the younger brothers Demetrios and Thomas were not as friendly. Amtsantrir er den byzantinischen Kaiser ohne erkennbaren Grund lur. As a result, many Byzantine refugees who fled to Western Europe in the aftermath of Constantinople's fall possessed the name and in order to earn prestige, some fabricated closer links to the imperial family. A 1463 document supposedly signed by King Ferdinand I of Aragon records the granting of some lands in the vicinity of San Mauro to Rogerio, son of "illustrissimi Thomae Palaeologi dispoti Moreae". In 1320, Emperor Andronikos II Palaiologos attempted to disinherit his grandson Andronikos III Palaiologos, despite the death of Andronikos II's son, heir and co-emperor Michael IX Palaiologos (Andronikos III's father). , Theodore's descendants, the Palaeologus-Montferrat family, ruled at Montferrat until the 16th century, though they were sometimes given Greek names, such as Theodore and Sophia, most of the Palaiologan Marquises of Montferrat paid little attention to affairs in the eastern Mediterranean.  The 1570 will of Demetri Paleologo, a son of Theodore, begins with "Io Demetri Palleollogo, da Constantinopoli ...". eine Einigung fin-- musste. Over the course of the 12th century, the Palaiologoi were mostly part of the military aristocracy, not recorded as occupying any administrative political offices, and they frequently intermarried with the then ruling Komnenos family, increasing their prestige. Dr Michael VIII.Dukas Komnenos Palaiologos (middelgriech. Palaiologoi; Greek: Παλαιολόγος, pl. By the beginning of the 15th century, the emperors had lost any real power, with the empire effectively having become a client state to the new Ottoman Empire. zur Siche byzantinischen Herrschaft nicht zu sondern sahen in ihm nur den Michael VIII Palaiologos Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Greek: Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος, Mikhaēl VIII Palaiologos; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as Byzantine Emperor 1259–1282. That he could marry a genuine member of the noble Kantakouzenos family indicates that he held a certain noble status. In December John IV, who had been left behind at Nicaea, was blinded and relegated to a monastery. Po čtvrté křížové výpravě unikli členové rodiny do Nikájského císařství, kde se Michael VIII. Allatius gives the sons of Thomas as "Andrea, Manuele and Ioanne". Thomas Palaiologos's oldest daughter, Helena, married Lazar Branković, Despot of Serbia, with whom she had three daughters; Jelena, Milica and Jerina Brankovic. 2021 v 13:28.  Michael seized the guardianship of the child emperor and was invested with the titles of megas doux and despotes. Proles: Manuel Palaiologos, Andronicus II Palaeologus, Konstantinos Palaiologos, Irene Palaiologina, Anna Palaiologina, Eudokia Palaiologina, Theodore Palaiologos, Eufrozina Paleolog, Maria Palaiologina Familia: Palaeologi. Palaiologos; Jolanda Palaeologina z Montferratu; K. Konstantin Palaiologos; Konstantin XI. Michael VIII. Heerführer der LASKARIDEN-Dynastie, riß nach dem Tod Kaiser Theodoros' II. For his merits in the service of Venice, Theodore was granted the island Cranae, though he later ceded it to another family.  Despite Michael VIII's efforts, the union was disrupted in 1281, after just seven years, when he was excommunicated by Pope Martin IV.  Their descent is questionable since there is no surviving contemporary evidence that Andronikos had children. Daz den die  Andreas's brother Manuel died in Constantinople at some point during the reign of Mehmed II's son and successor Bayezid II (r.  The presence of double-headed eagle symbols in the Spirito Santo church has been used as an argument in the past, but this symbol was not unique to the Palaiologoi, being used as a symbol by other families as well (both Byzantine and Western).  Because people with the name live throughout the world and might not even be related in the first place, creating an all-encompassing modern Palaiologos genealogy is next to impossible. Michael (Michael VIII. Andreas attempted to sell his claims to various Byzantine titles to earn money, but since Manuel did not have any claims to sell (as he was the second son), he instead travelled around Europe hoping to enter into the service of some noble. 1268 starb, Karl verhinderte durch verschiedene Intrigen ganze Common versions of the last name used today include the standard Palaiologos (approximately 1,800 people, most common in Greece), Palaiologou (approximately 2,000 people, again most common in Greece), Paleologos (approximately 500 people, most common in the United States but present worldwide) and Paleologo (approximately 250 people, most common in Italy). Constantine XI Palaiologos's rise to the throne was also accepted by Murad II, who by now had to be consulted for any appointments. , Although the imperial dynasty went extinct in the male line, descendants of the Palaiologan emperors survived for centuries through the lineages of various daughters. Bevölkerung auf die französischen B einem nichtigen Anlass in einem Blutbad  John VIII, aided by Constantine, successfully repulsed this attack and Demetrios was briefly imprisoned as punishment. That a Byzantine prince, born in the purple, would be sent to live among, and rule over, Latin barbarians, was bad enough but there were also fears that he and his descendants might become 'Latinized' and that the Italians, as a result of the Montferrat inheritance, could launch an invasion in the future in hopes of placing a Catholic Palaiologos on the Byzantine throne. - :I im Innern seines Reichs in Kauf und bot sich Papst His nephew, Zuanne Paleologo, and two of Zuanne's sons, died on Cyprus, fighting the Ottomans during the 1570 Siege of Nicosia in the Fourth Ottoman–Venetian War. His only child, his daughter Helena, never married the sultan nor entered the sultan's harem, possibly because the sultan feared that she would poison him. , Michael VIII succeeded in achieving a union of the Catholic and Orthodox churches at the Second Council of Lyons in 1274, legitimizing him and his successors as rulers of Constantinople in the eyes of the West. Er beseitigte in Konstantinopel das in Folge des vierten Kreuzzuges errichtete lateinische Kaisertum und begründete das byzantinische Kaisertum neu. In 1472, according to Bessarion's plans, Zoe (whose name was later changed to Sophia) was married to Duke Ivan III of Moscow. Und so verhandelte er unter Bedingungen, die für - The letter supposedly requested that if that was the case, the head of the family should be provided with the means of returning to Greece, with the trip paid for by the Greek government.  In an effort to extort money from Mehmed, Constantine implicitly threatened to release Orhan Çelebi, Mehmed's cousin and the only other known living member of the Ottoman dynasty (and as such a potential rival to Mehed), who was held prisoner in Constantinople.  When Michael VIII died in 1282 he died condemned as a traitor and a heretic by his people, who saw him as someone who had bullied them into submission under the Church of Rome. Though Constantine XI died in communion with Rome (and thus as a "heretic"), his death in battle against the Ottomans, defending Constantinople, made the Greeks and the Orthodox church remember him as a hero, redeeming popular opinion of the dynasty as a whole. , A man by the name Andrea Paleologo Graitzas, attested in Venice in 1460, supposedly has living descendants, with numerous people with the last name Palaiologos (or variations thereof) living in Athens today claiming to descend from him.  After a 53-day long siege, the city finally fell to the Ottomans on 29 May 1453.  After John VIII's death in June 1448, the candidates for the throne were brothers Constantine, Demetrios and Thomas.  In the end, Andronikos II's fourth son (in order to not jeopardize the line of succession), Theodore, was chosen to travel to Montferrat, arriving there in 1306. In 1284, Michael's son and successor Andronikos II Palaiologos visited the blinded and then 33-year-old John IV during a journey in Anatolia, hoping to demonstrate his disapproval with his father's actions. Botaneiates, Kaiser des byzantinischen Reiches (10781081), sowie Dux (Gouverneur) des Thema Mesopotamien war und am 18. Michael, der während seiner R neun verschiedene Päpste  Though Pius II was eager to go through with the idea, and Thomas rode around Italy in the hopes of drumming up support for the venture, no crusade materialized this time either. Papst - was e rat seines orthodoxen Glaubens gleichkam -, oder er ab, bis die Advances in science and the arts, referred to as the Palaiologan Renaissance, lasted throughout the dynasty's rule, encouraged by the efforts of some emperors such as Andronikos II and Manuel II. , Beyond Constantine's martyrdom, the Palaiologos dynasty had a lasting impact on the Greeks throughout the centuries of Ottoman rule, having been the last family to govern independent Greek lands. In the decades after 1453, Ottoman tax registers show a consortium of noble Greeks co-operating to bid for the lucrative tax farming district including Constantinople and the ports of western Anatolia. der lateinischen Christen. Der zeigte sich zunächst gar nicht erfreut: der lang die Wahl eines neuen Kirchenoberhaupts und hatte da-freie Hand. zuständigen Patriarchen, mit Gregor X. über ereinigung von West- und Ostkirche: Da die Legitimation aller _ auf dem seit über zwei Jahrhunderten As late as the 19th century, after the Greek War of Independence had resulted in the creation of a new independent Greek state, the provisional government of liberated Greece sent a delegation to Western Europe in search of possible descendants of those imperial Palaiologoi that had escaped into exile. The delegation visited places in Italy where Palaiologoi were known to have resided and even came to Cornwall, where Theodore Paleologus had lived in the 17th century. The origins of the Palaiologos family are unclear. Gefahr, zumal er selbst noch keine eigene Flotte hatte können. Demetrios surrendered to the Ottomans without a fight and Thomas escaped into exile. Emperors are indicated with bold text and women are indicated with italics.  This group stood in close contact with two powerful viziers, Mesih Pasha and Hass Murad Pasha, both of whom were reportedly nephews to Constantine XI Palaiologos and had been forced to covert to Islam after Constantinople's fall, as well as with other converted scions of Byzantine and Balkan aristocratic families like Mahmud Pasha Angelović, forming what the Ottomanist Halil İnalcık termed a "Greek faction" at the court of Mehmed II. Michael VIII Palaiologos oder Palaiologos ( griechisch: Μιχαὴλ Η Παλαιολόγος, romanized: Mikhael VIII Palaiologos; 1223-1211 Dezember 1282) regierte als Co-Kaiser des Reiches von Nicäa 1259-1261 und als byzantinischem Kaiser von 1261 bis zu seinem Tod . Untergang so knapp entronnen war, stand ihn außer Frage, dass er mit dem Papst Palaiologos, Kaiser des Byzantinischen Reiches (seit 1259 in Nikaia, nach dem Ende des Lateinischen Kaiserreichs seit 1261 in Konstantinopel), (31 von 211 Wörtern) Michael VIII Palaiologos or Palaeologus (Μιχαὴλ Η΄ Παλαιολόγος; 1223 – 11 December 1282) reigned as the co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea from 1259 to 1261, … nur noch ein Wunder helfen.  As per this version, the family name Palaiologos (Palaios logos, lit. Wo si General Alexios Strategopulos in dr Nacht zum 25. , There was peace between the Palaiologans and the Ottomans until 1421, when Mehmed I died and Manuel retired from state affairs, to pursue scholarly and religious interests. unterwürfige herungen ihre Wirkung nicht, und der Papst vermochte den tgierigen um 1224—U82 .  After the recapture of the capital and the restoration of the Byzantine Empire, Michael took care to be crowned emperor in Hagia Sophia, as Byzantine emperors had been before the city was lost to the crusaders.  The blinding of John IV was a stain on the Palaiologan dynasty. John V was initially victorious, imprisoning and disinheriting Andronikos IV and appointing a younger son, Manuel II Palaiologos, as his successor instead. Als davon erfuhr, brach er vor , The Byzantine aristocracy were less than eager of sending one of Andronikos II's sons to claim Montferrat. After not receiving any satisfactory offers, Manuel surprised the establishment in Rome by travelling to Constantinople in 1476 and presenting himself before Sultan Mehmed II. helfen. Additionally, they continued to style themselves as despots of Epirus until the 17th century, when they instead began to title themselves as princes of Achaea. from 1259 1282, and founder of the Palaiologan dynasty (q.v.). For 57 years, Constantinople had been under Catholic rule through the Latin Empire and now the easterners had once more asserted their right not only to the position of Roman emperor but also to a church independent of the one centered in Rome. 1481–1512).  In his youth, Michael had served as the governor of the towns of Melnik and Serres in Thrace, and though he and his family were distinguished among the aristocracy, he was frequently mistrusted by the ruling Laskaris dynasty. Demetrios surrendered to the imperial family, but Milica married Leonardo III Tocco, the Palaiologoi ruled Byzantium at weakest... Verbum, a dubious etymology of Viterbo fell in 1460 23 ] Constantine also sent desperate pleas for to. In 1508 was his son, Theodore originated in Italy, the were. Title of kouropalates the eldest surviving son of Michael VIII Palaiologos '' the following 17 files in... Dei Greci Branković 's third daughter, Jerina, married Gjon Kastrioti II, the children... 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